About me


Welcome! I am Xiongfei Li, a Postdoctoral Associate at The Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. I completed my doctorate in Economics from the University of Southern California in 2023. My research focuses on Development Economics and Applied Econometrics.

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Working Paper

The Unintended Impacts of the Relaxation of China's One-Child Policy on Female Labor Market Outcomes Development

Presented at: USC Economics Development Seminar (Practice Job Talk) 2022, USC Marshall China Workshop 2022, BNU Zhuhai 2023, ESRI 2023, CES NA Conference 2024, SEHO 2024 at SMU(scheduled), IAFFE 2024 Conference (scheduled), AMES2024-China (scheduled), EALE 2024 Conference in Bergen (scheduled), 2024 Asian Economic Development Conference by ADB (scheduled)

Abstract: This paper investigates the impacts of China's relaxation of the one-child policy on women's labor market outcomes. I utilize the relaxation timing across different couples in a staggered difference-in-differences design and make use of the China Family Panel Survey (CFPS) from 2010 to 2020. The results reveal that affected women had higher birth rates but experienced lower working status by 3.2 percentage points. They also worked 2.654 fewer hours per week, had 8.8% lower wage rates, received fewer job offers, and were 90% more likely to be forced to leave their previous jobs. The analysis further indicates that these impacts were most pronounced among women at prime age and mothers of an only child, particularly an only daughter. This suggests that the indirect impacts of the policy change, caused by employers' mistreatment of newly eligible women and their overestimation of female employees' fertility willingness, were the main contributors to the negative impacts on women's labor market outcomes. Dynamic analysis using multiple methods shows that affected women quickly returned to work after two years, with long-lasting impacts on work time and wage rates.


Creative Industry and Transformation of Economy Structure (with Na Zhao and Yuxun Wang)
Economic Science (Chinese), 2014, 102-115

Works in Progress

Environmental Bias of Coal Price Ceiling in China (with Ruozi Song) Development
Abstract: Coming soon.
Coordination of Environmental Regulation (with Ruozi Song) Development
Abstract: Coming soon.
From Bytes to Business: Can Enhanced Broadband Access Empower Rural Entrepreneurship and How (with Qinyou Hu) Development
Abstract: Coming soon.


Teaching Assistant

  • Econ 203: Principles of Microeconomics with discussion session (Spring 2022)
  • Econ 305: Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory (Fall 2021)
  • Econ 500: Microeconomic Analysis and Policy (Fall 2020)
  • Econ 303: Intermediate Microeconomic Theory (Spring 2019, 2020, 2021)
  • Econ 357: Money, Credit, and Banking (Fall 2018, Spring 2019)






(608) 772-0821